Africa Common Eland:

    The Common Eland, also known as the Southern Eland, is a large antelope species native to the grasslands and savannas of Southern and Eastern Africa. Here's a description of the Common Eland's physical characteristics:

    Africa Safari Tour Book online The Common Eland safari

    • 1. Africa Common Eland Size: Common Elands are the second-largest antelope species in the world, after the African Bush Elephant. Adult males, called bulls, can reach a shoulder height of around 1.6 to 1.9 meters (5.2 to 6.2 feet) and weigh between 400 and 942 kilograms (880 to 2,077 pounds). Adult females, called cows, are slightly smaller, weighing between 300 and 600 kilograms (660 to 1,320 pounds).
    • 2. Africa Common Eland Body Shape Elands have a large and robust body with a long neck. They are characterized by a sloping back and a dewlap, which is a flap of loose skin hanging from the throat area, more prominent in males. The dewlap aids in vocalizations and plays a role in courtship displays.
    • 3. Africa Common Eland Coat: The Common Eland has a short and smooth coat that varies in color. The coat coloration ranges from tan to reddish-brown, and individuals may have vertical white stripes on their sides. The coloration can provide camouflage in their grassy habitats.
    • 4. Africa Common Eland Spiral Horns: Both males and females have impressive, spiraled horns. The horns can grow up to 1 meter (3.3 feet) long and are ridged. Males generally have thicker and more massive horns compared to females. The horns are used for defense, territorial disputes, and dominance displays within the herd.
    • 5. Africa Common Eland Facial Features: The face of the Common Eland is relatively plain, with a dark-brown to black coloration on the forehead and muzzle. They have large, dark eyes and tufts of hair on the forehead and chin.
    • 6. Africa Common Eland Adaptations: Elands are well-adapted to their open grassland habitats. They have strong, sturdy legs that are capable of covering long distances. Their specialized digestive system allows them to efficiently extract nutrients from a wide variety of vegetation, including coarse grasses and leaves.
    • 7. Africa Common Sexual Dimorphism: Male and female Common Elands differ in size and horn structure. Males are larger and heavier, with more robust horns, while females have smaller and more slender horns.
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